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The Power of Hand Mudras and their meaning: Improving your yoga practice

Did you know that your hands hold an innate healing power that has been used for centuries for healing various ailments?

‘Mudra’, a Sanskrit word, means a symbolic hand gesture that has the power of producing joy and happiness. It has been proved that regular practise of mudras not only contribute to one’s overall good health but can be used as a preventive measure as well. Our hands define our karma and fingers being the power points, are a link between individual Pranic force and universal cosmic energy.

The position of our hands has the ability to influence energy of our physical, emotional and spiritual body. Mudras help to link the brain to the body, soothe pain, stimulate endorphins, change the mood and increase our vitality.

Mudras have been an integral part of many Hindu and Buddhist rituals. They are used extensively in Yoga, meditation and dance. Across various disciplines it is said that there exist close to 399 mudras. Lets have a look at the key mudras and how they can benefit us.

Gyan Mudra: The gesture of knowledge or wisdom

gyan-mudra-guide-to-mudrasTo perform this mudra, gently join the tip of thumb and the index finger, while the other three fingers are simply stretched out or free & slightly bent.

You can practice this mudra anytime during the day or while you are performing yoga postures or during meditation.
Gyan mudra helps to increase concentration, memory, reduces sleep disorders, helps to release stress and anger, eases depression and headache.

This mudra has been used extensively for thousands of years by yogis as it brings peace, calm, and spiritual progress.

Prithvi Mudra: The gesture of the earth

prithvi-mudra-200x257Earth element is a vital component of bones, cartilage, skin, hair, nails, muscles, tendons, internal organs, etc. Practice of Prithvi mudra builds and invigorates these tissues and strengthens the bones. It produces stability, confidence and strength

To practice this mudra Sit down in lotus pose or easy pose to perform this mudra. Gently touch the tip of ring finger and thumb, while the other three are stretched or free.
This, if done 30-45 minutes every day (together or in 3 parts during the day), helps reduce stress, weakness, helps in weight gain, increases blood circulation & Kapha, boosts self esteem & confidence. Also, it increases determination and directs individuals towards spirituality. It improves digestive power, develops vitality and removes deficiency of vitamins

Prana Mudra: The gesture of life

Prana-mudra-200x366To perform this mudra place the ring finger and little finger at the tip of the thumb gently and keep the other two fingers stretched.

Prana mudra can be used whenever you feel drained or tired, and need an extra boost of energy. This mudra cleanses our aura due to its innate ability to control the subtle energies of our aura. It is considered beneficial or all types of diseases and is also said to impart special power to the eyes. Prana mudra is said to help activate the dormant energy in the body (chi or qui).

Suraya Mudra: The fire hand gesture

The fire element is associated with body-temperature and metabolism. Practice of Surya mudra helps to maintain the body-temperature and keeps the metabolism going. It is a very powerful mudra with significant healing capacity. It increases the fire element in the body and reduces the earth element.
It is advised that this mudra should be practiced only in a sitting position and on an empty stomach every day. Fold the ring finger and touch the tip at the base of the thumb while the tip of the thumb presses the second phalax bone of the ring finger.

If practiced 20 minutes every day, it helps dissolve excess fat in the body, reduce cholesterol, quickens digestion, boosts metabolism & immune system, controls low BP and regulates the thyroid gland.

Varun Mudra: The gesture for Water


Water is the biggest element of the human body and that is what this mudra works on. It prevents all diseases which come due to the lack of water or any kind of dryness.
To perform this mudra sit in an easy pose or simply lie down and slightly touch the tip of the thumb with the little finger. The rest of the fingers can be left freely without any stress.
This mudra when performed anytime during the day helps balance the elements related to the tongue and taste. It eliminates skin diseases, increases blood flow, and reduces muscle aches.

Vayu Mudra: The gesture of air

vayu-mudraThis mudra relates to the air element. It is great for the Vata body types and reduces any constrictions in the body due to excess air in the body.
To perform this mudra just fold the index finger, and press the second phalanx bone with the tip of the thumb, and the tip of the index finger should touch the base of the thumb.

When practiced regularly this mudra helps eliminate excess gas/air related problems like gout, flatulence, constipation. It helps in diseases like arthritis, neck pain, trembling in Parkinson’s disease, paralysis and cervical spondilytis.

The above give us an idea of how we have use our hands to control the 5 key elements of our body namely air, water, earth, fire and space. Try these during your practice (where it feels comfortable and easeful to do so), and in mediations, and see the benefit.

About the author: Aanika Chopra

aanika chopraAt the young age of seven, Aanika began her explorative journey into herself when she stepped into those heavy brass bracelets. Allowing the classical brass sounds to weave her into the wondrous colours of Classical Indian, Folk, Contemporary and the ever so popular Bollywood styles of Indian Dance. Performing in UK, India, Spain, Japan and Canada her holistic dance led to a discovery of new things.

With a passion for dance Aanika gradually extended her repertoire to Yoga. A desire to understand her inner world took her to various ashrams, taking out time from life, as she studied meditation under the personal guidance of learned gurus. This journey led her to teach and practice yoga as a way of life for the past seven years. A student of life, Aanika is a Yoga Instructor, Indian Classical Dancer and an Ayurvedic Masseuse, with the versatility to encompass all three. All of her practices involve holistic inner and outer body work. As a child of New Delhi in India, Aanika trained in Yoga from the Sivananda Vedanta Institute of Yoga, Kerala, India.

To truly find herself in Yoga, she immersed in further Yoga training from Yoga Alliance, Mysore, India. Hatha Relax and Hatha Power are both practices that Aanika has mastered. Yoga and dance are two equal parts of a whole which she endeavours to bring together in a stimulated exciting language of Yogic Dance. Join Aanika in finding the depths of your true selves, through Yoga and related practices.

Aanika is also the founder of Yogamasti, a mindful yoga wear brand based in the UK and US. The Gyan Mudra is the logo of Yogamasti as it brings peace, calm, and spiritual progress, key principles that drive the design of this authentic yoga wear brand for mindful yogis.

In categories: Mudra
{ 15 comments… add one }
  • Christa 19th September 2016, 5:56 am

    very interested in learning more about the mudras & how they can improve my life.

  • Mythili Gurram 29th January 2017, 4:53 am

    Thanks for the info. Would like to know more about mudras.

  • Shireen 20th February 2017, 12:23 pm

    Thank you to know about mudras…

  • Sundararaman 15th March 2017, 11:12 am

    Hi All,
    I want to share with you my personal experience in curing my digestion & constipation problem by following Ayurveda principles. I followed the below mentioned tips for permanent cure:-
    1)Eat only when you are hungry
    2)Chew your food properly – Most of the digestion happens in the mouth. Especially starch gets absorbed from the tongue.
    3)Do the below Mudras for 20 mins after food – The food will get digested in 30 mins. You will feel lighter.

  • Tammy Cadenas 28th May 2017, 5:08 pm

    I need this

  • sherryl 10th June 2017, 7:21 am


  • David Nicholas 24th June 2017, 1:32 am

    Thank you. I have unfortunately found little other information concerning the meaning of mudras online.

  • Amy 24th September 2017, 12:03 am

    Thank u

    • Karissa Isaac 29th September 2017, 5:16 pm

      Thank you!

  • Renee Krecik 14th October 2018, 7:58 pm

    Thank you, I really enjoyed the reading and the pics.

  • Chaitanya 13th February 2019, 7:36 pm

    Hi , I would like to tell you that I am unable to perform the Varuna mudhra with my right hand.. while I am trying to do that i am unable to keep my right finger straight. This happens only with my right hand.. I have spondylitis and migraine issues is that the reason for not able to do this mudhra

  • Nitin 9th April 2019, 4:22 am

    Thank you for detailed article. Request you share your thoughts on the following:
    1. it is suggested that mudra should be done at least 15 minutes and can be done 3 times a day i.e. 45 minutes. What is the reason for 15 minutes and 45 minutes?
    2. to get maximum benefit, do we need to perform mudras early in the morning before taking any food i.e. empty stomach if yes how it will be more effective?
    3. Do you suggest any mudra to get rid of vitamin b12 deficiency and auto immune diseases?
    4. Typically mudras should be performed by two hands. What if i do mudra by only 1 hand instead of 2 hands?
    5. There are few mudras in which left and right hand mudras to be performed are different. like back pain mudra: left hand vayu mudra and right hand : thmub is connected to middle and little finger. OR Pushan Mudra
    What is the significance of performing 2 different mudras to resolve problem?

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